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GRE是甚麼:秒懂GRE考試計分與項目

6 5 月, 2020
972 瀏覽人次

GRE 是Graduate Record Examinations的縮寫,由 GRE委員會委託美國教育測驗服務社(Educational Testing Service, ETS) 舉辦。考試成績為美國諸多大學研究所的申請入學參考依據。 The GRE® General Test 經由網際網路方式進行,在臺灣、香港、中國大陸及南韓地區,每個月會舉行1-3次測驗。測驗項目包含:分析寫作(Analytical Writing)、語文(Verbal Reasoning)及計量(Quantitative Reasoning)。

GRE 考試怎麼考?

GRE 測驗共分成6個部分,考完全程約需4.5小時。
而除寫作(Analytical Writing)之外,語文(Verbal Reasoning)和計量(Quantitative Reasoning)項目的順序為隨機出現,例如:考試項目順序可能為Writing+Verbal+Quantitative+Verbal+Quantitative+Verbal 或 Writing+Quantitative+Verbal+Quantitative+Verbal+Quantitative。

另外,ETC為了準備未來試題,可能會有有不計分的Unidentified Section (Verbal或Quantitative),亦需作答。
由於 GRE考試屬於適性化測驗,所以每個考生在拿到的試題都不盡相同。第二部分題目的難易度會根據第一部分的答題數調整,所以透過GRE考試更能夠測出學生的真實程度!

GRE 有哪些考試項目?

分析寫作

Analytical Writing

※ 分為兩個部分, Issue 和 Argument
每部分各30分鐘
電腦打字作答

語文 

Verbal Reasoning

※ 分為兩個部分
※ 每部分各30 分鐘
 每部分 20

計量

Quantitative Reasoning

※ 分為兩個部分
※ 每部分各35分鐘 
※ 每部分 20

 

*考計量時,螢幕上有計算機可使用
*三項測驗皆可使用擬稿紙與筆,但需在計時當中(看到題目,開始作答時),才可使用紙筆擬稿或計算。

GRE 測驗項目介紹:分析寫作 (Analytical Writing)

分析寫作(Analytical Writing)分為兩個部分:回應題 (Argument) 和觀點題(Issue)。

作答時間 30分鐘,只能使用電腦打字。考生需要找出一段文章中的「邏輯錯誤」,並根據題目指示舉證、分析、解釋自己的論點。同學切記要認真閱讀題目敘述後再做答,以符合試題要求噢!

題目範例

Woven baskets characterized by a particular distinctive pattern have previously been found only in the immediate vicinity of the prehistoric village of Palea and therefore were believed to have been made only by the Palean people. Recently, however, archaeologists discovered such a “Palean” basket in Lithos, an ancient village across the Brim River from Palea. The Brim River is very deep and broad, and so the ancient Paleans could have crossed it only by boat, and no Palean boats have been found. Thus it follows that the so-called Palean baskets were not uniquely Palean.

Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument.

【更多題目】 ETS官網題庫

作答時間 30分鐘,只能使用電腦打字。考生須閱讀一段文字,根據題目指示,表述自己意見。題目範圍包含教育、政治、經濟等。

題目範例

Educational institutions have a responsibility to dissuade students from pursuing fields of study in which they are unlikely to succeed.

Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the claim. In developing and supporting your position, be sure to address the most compelling reasons and/or examples that could be used to challenge your position.

【更多題目】 ETS官網題庫

GRE 測驗項目介紹: 語文 (Verbal Reasoning)

每部分作答時間30分鐘,共兩部分,每部分 20題。

主要測驗考生的單字與邏輯能力。準備考試上,同學可以多多豐富自己的字彙,並熟悉常見的幾種題型。語文題型有三種類:

根據文章內容,回答問題。

題目範例

  • Questions 1 to 3 are based on this passage.

    Reviving the practice of using elements of popular music in classical composition, an approach that had been in hibernation in the United States during the 1960s, composer Philip Glass (born 1937) embraced the ethos of popular music in his compositions. Glass based two symphonies on music by rock musicians David Bowie and Brian Eno, but the symphonies’ sound is distinctively his. Popular elements do not appear out of place in Glass’s classical music, which from its early days has shared certain harmonies and rhythms with rock music. Yet this use of popular elements has not made Glass a composer of popular music. His music is not a version of popular music packaged to attract classical listeners; it is high art for listeners steeped in rock rather than the classics.

    Select only one answer choice.

    1. The passage addresses which of the following issues related to Glass’s use of popular elements in his classical compositions?

A. How it is regarded by listeners who prefer rock to the classics

B. How it has affected the commercial success of Glass’s music

C. Whether it has contributed to a revival of interest among other composers in using popular elements in their compositions

D. Whether it has had a detrimental effect on Glass’s reputation as a composer of classical music

E. Whether it has caused certain of Glass’s works to be derivative in quality

Consider each of the three choices separately and select all that apply. 

2. The passage suggests that Glass’s work displays which of the following qualities?

A. A return to the use of popular music in classical compositions

B. An attempt to elevate rock music to an artistic status more closely approximating that of classical music

C. A long-standing tendency to incorporate elements from two apparently disparate musical styles

3. Select the sentence that distinguishes two ways of integrating rock and classical music.

 

【更多題目】 ETS官網題庫

根據前後文完成段落填空

題目範例

  • For each blank select one entry from the corresponding column of choices. Fill all blanks in the way that best completes the text.

Vain and prone to violence, Caravaggio could not handle success: the more his (i)__________ as an artist increased, the more (ii)__________ his life became.

 【更多題目】 ETS官網題庫

選擇意義相近的詞彙填入空格,完成句子

題目範例

Select the two answer choices that, when used to complete the sentence, fit the meaning of the sentence as a whole and produce completed sentences that are alike in meaning.

Although it does contain some pioneering ideas, one would hardly characterize the work as __________.

A. orthodox

B. eccentric

C. original

D. trifling

E. conventional

F. innovative

 

 【更多題目】 ETS官網題庫

GRE 測驗項目介紹: 計量 (Quantitative Reasoning)

作答時間35分鐘,共兩個部分,每部分 20題。主要測驗考生的數學程度。這個部分對台灣考生來說相對簡單,大概以國高中程度就能應考了。同學能多做題目,熟悉數學相關英文名詞,讓考試作答更加順利。考試大概涵括這幾個領域:

  • 算術 Arithmetic
  • 代數 Algebra
  • 幾何 Geometry 
  • 數據分析 Data analysis

【更多題目】 ETS官網題庫

什麼是GRE - 計量
GRE 成績怎麼計算?

GRE考試中,語文 (Verbal Reasoning) 單項記分為130-170分,計量 (Verbal Reasoning)單項記分為130-170分。

成績單上通常會將語言與計量兩項分數加總,總分為260-340分。

分析寫作(Analytical Writing) 則為獨立計分,回應題(Argument)和觀點題(Issue) 兩個項目合計1-6分。

什麼是GRE

還有其他問題留學問題?不知道自己需不需要考GRE嗎?

– 全部資訊以ETS官方網站最新公告為準 –

參考資料 1. https://www.ets.org/gre/    2. https://www.lttc.ntu.edu.tw/GRE.htm

Photo credits  ETS, Pexels

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